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国际货运常见的成交方式及报关区别

FABUZHE:和记娱乐网址  LAIYUAN:http://sestocentro.com  FABURIQI:2020-05-28  LIULAN:1298CI

摘要:通俗点讲就是国外的客户已经指定了货代,只需要发货方安排起运港的拖车和报关。也有EXW 出厂价直接在工厂交货或者客户指定地方交货拖车报关都是客人安排,客户自己提货,工厂交货就可以了。
 

国际货运常见的成交方式及报关区别—和记娱乐网址



货运成交方式


  GUOJIMAOYIZHONGRUGUOQUEDINGHUOWUYAOCHUKOU,KEYIBAHUOYUNDEXIANGGUANSHIYIJIAOJIHUODAI,SHOUXIANDELEJIEGUOJIHUOYUNJIZHONGBIJIAOCHANGJIANDECHENGJIAOFANGSHI。


1、FOBCHUANSHANGJIAOHUOJIAGE


  TONGSUDIANJIANGJIUSHIGUOWAIDEKEHUYIJINGZHIDINGLEHUODAI,ZHIXUYAOFAHUOFANGANPAIQIYUNGANGDETUOCHEHEBAOGUAN。YEYOUEXW CHUCHANGJIAZHIJIEZAIGONGCHANGJIAOHUOHUOZHEKEHUZHIDINGDIFANGJIAOHUOTUOCHEBAOGUANDOUSHIKERENANPAI,KEHUZIJITIHUO,GONGCHANGJIAOHUOJIUKEYILE。


2、CIFCHENGBENJIABAOXIANFEI、YUNFEI


  TONGSUDIANLIJIEJIUSHIMENDAOGANG(HANQIYUNGANGTUOCHE+BAOGUAN+HAIYUNFEI)XIANZAIYIBANSHUODEBUHANBAOXIAN,KEHUYAOQIUMAIBAOXIANDEANHUOZHIJISUAN,YEKEYIYONGSHUYUCIPZHISHICIFYIBANZHIZAIHAIYUNZHONGSHIYONG,CIPSHIYONGYUGEZHONGYUNSHUFANGSHIBAOKUODUOSHILIANYUN,BIRUKONGYUN 。


3、DDUSHUANGQINGWEIWANSHUIJIAOHUO


  DDPJISHUANGQINGWANSHUIHOUJIAOHUO(HANSHUI)TONGSUDIANLIJIEJIUSHIMENDAOMEN,JINGCHANGSHUODESHUANGQINGYITIAOLONGHANQIYUNGANGTUOCHE+BAOGUAN+HAIYUN+MUDEGANGQINGGUAN,XUBUXUYAOSONGHUOSHANGMENZHUYAOQUJUEYUKEHUDEXUQIUXUYAOZHUYIDESHIDDPBIXUTIGONGHUOWUDEHUOZHIYINWEIJIAOSHUIYAOGENJUHUOWUDEJIAZHI。


  SUOYIXIANGHUODAIXUNJIADESHIHOU,ZUIHAOXIANSHUOMINGSHIFOB/CIF/DDU/DDPDENG。RUGUOSHIFOB,XUYAOTIGONG:HUOWUPINMING/JUXING/SHULIANG/ZHONGLIANG/ZHUANGHUODIZHI/QIYUNGANG/MAIDANorDANZHENG。DANGRAN,YEKENENGSHISANHUO,BUYONGTIGONGJUXINGZHIXUYAOTIGONGSHULIANG:JIGEFANG。



买单报关与单证报关的区别


YOUCHUKOUQUANDEQIYE/GONGCHANGCAIYOUDANZHENG,DANZHENGBAOGUANXUYAOTIGONGYIZHENGTAODEBAOGUANZILIAOJIHUODAI/BAOGUANXING。GUOJIAJILICHUKOU,DUIYOUCHUKOUQUANDEQIYEJINXINGTUISHUISUOYI,DANZHENGBAOGUANDEQIYEZHUYAOSHIKEYISHENQINGTUISHUIJUTITUIDUOSHAOQUJUEYUHUOWUDUIYINGDEGUOJIAZHENGCE。


MAIDANBAOGUANZHIDESHIMEIYOUCHUKOUQUANDEQIYE,JIEZHUTARENDEDANZHENGJINXINGBAOGUAN,SUOYIMAIDANBAOGUANBUXUYAOTIGONGDANZHENGDANGRAN,YEBUXIANGYOUTUISHUIDEQUANLI。


CIFXUYAOTIGONG:

HUOWUPINMING/JUXING/SHULIANG/ZHONGLIANG/ZHUANGHUODIZHI/QIYUNGANG/MAIDANorDANZHENG,HAIYOUMUDEGANGDDU/DDPZEXUYAOGENJUKEHUJUTIDEYAOQIU,ZAICIFXINXIDEJICHUSHANG,KENENGXUYAOTIGONGHUOZHI/MUDEDIXIANGXIDIZHI/SHOUHUORENXINXIDENG。


DANGHUODAIJIESHOUDAOYISHANGXINXISHIHUIJIFAHUOREN(KEHU)BAOJIAQUERENBAOJIAHOUJIEDAN,YIBANXUYAOKEHUTIGONG:ZHUANGXIANGDAN/TIGONGLUCANGDANJIKEHUTIANXIEXINXIYUKEHUQUERENWUWUHOU(BAOKUOZHUANGXIANGDANXINXI/CHUANQIDENG)


YICIFWEILI:

HUODAIXIANGCHUANGONGSIDINGCANGANPAITUOCHE(LIEMINGJUHAO、CHEPAIHAO、SIJIJILIANXIDIANHUA)DENGCHUANGONGSIXIAFASO(DINGCANGDAN/TIXIANGDAN)


JIANGTIXIANGDANJITUOCHESIJI,SIJINAZHETIXIANGDANQUDUICHANGDADAN,DADANZHIHOU,HUINADAOYIFEN“SHEBEIJIAOJIEDAN”(YISHIDUOLIAN)HEYIGEQIANFENGSIJINAZHEZILIAOQUZHIDINGDEDUICHANGTIKONGJU,JIEZHEDAOGONGCHANGZHUANGJU,GONGCHANGZHUANGHAOHUOZHIHOU,YONGQIANFENGBAXIANGZIFENGSHANG(YIBANHUIPAIZHAOQUZHENG)ZAIJIANGFENGHAODEHUOJULAHUIMATOU。


 HUOJUDAODADUICHANGHOU,DUICHANGGENJUHUODAITIGONGDEYUPEICANGDANFAYUNDI,YOULE“YUPEICANGDAN”HE“YUNDIXINXI”ZHIHOU,BAOGUANXINGCAIKEYIBAOGUAN,TONGCHANGZUIHAOJIBAOGUANLIUCHULIANGTIANSHIJIAN(CHUANJIEGUANQIAN)


 LIUCHENGJIUSHIZHEIYANG,QITADESHIYISHIJUTIQINGKUANGWEIDINGNAZHETIDAN/FAPIAO/ZHUANGXIANGDANDENGXINXIKEHUJIUKEYIZAIHUOWUDAOGANGHOUTIJU、QINGGUANDENG。


ZUICHANGJIANCHENGJIAOFANGSHIYOU:EXW  FOB  CFR  CIF


[EXW]

       EXW(Ex Works),ZHONGWENYISISHI“GONGCHANGJIAOHUO”,SHIZHIDANGMAIFANGZAIQISUOZAIDIHUOQITAZHIDINGDEDIDIAN(RUGONGCHANG、GONGCHANGHUOCANGKU)JIANGHUOWUJIAOJIMAIFANGCHUZHISHI,JIWANCHENGJIAOHUO,MAIFANGBUBANLICHUKOUQINGGUANSHOUXUHUOJIANGHUOWUZHUANGSHANGRENHEYUNSHUGONGJU。

     【ZHUYISHIXIANG】

       ZAIGAIMAOYIFANGSHIXIA,MAIFANGYIBANBUNENGQUDECHUKOUHUOWUYUNSHUDANJU。BAOGUANDANCHENGJIAOFANGSHIYILANHAIGUANYIBANHUIDAYINWEI“FOB”。


[FOB]


       FOB(Free On Board),ZHONGWENYISISHI“CHUANSHANGJIAOHUOJIA”,YECHENG“LIANJIA”,ZHIANLIANJIAJINXINGDEJIAOYI,MAIFANGFUZEPAICHUANJIEYUNHUOWU,MAIFANGYINGZAIHETONGGUIDINGDEZHUANGYUNGANGHEGUIDINGDEQIXIANNEIJIANGHUOWUZHUANGSHANGMAIFANGZHIDINGDECHUANZHI,BINGJISHITONGZHIMAIFANG。


[CFR(C&F)]

       CFR(Cost and Freight),ZHONGWENYISISHI“CHENGBENJIAYUNFEI”,ZHIZAIZHUANGYUNGANGCHUANSHANGJIAOHUO,MAIFANGXUZHIFUJIANGHUOWUYUNZHIZHIDINGMUDEDIGANGSUOXUDEFEIYONG。


[CIF]

      CIF(Cost,Insurance and Freight)ZHONGWENYISISHI“CHENGBENJIABAOXIANFEIJIAYUNFEI”,ANCISHUYUCHENGJIAO,HUOJIADEGOUCHENGYINSUZHONGBAOKUOCONGZHUANGYUNGANGZHIYUEDINGMUDEDIGANGDETONGCHANGYUNFEIHEYUEDINGDEBAOXIANFEI,GUMAIFANGCHUJUYOUYUCFRSHUYUDEXIANGTONGDEYIWUWAI,HAIYAOWEIMAIFANGBANLIHUOYUNBAOXIAN,ZHIFUBAOXIANFEI。

  

FOB、CFR、CIFZHEISANZHECHENGJIAOFANGSHIXIAFENGXIANZHUANYIDOUSHIYIZHUANGYUNGANGCHUANXIANWEIJIE

CFR(C&F)TONGCHANGSHIZHIFOB+YUNFEI

CIFTONGCHANGSHIZHIFOB+YUNFEI+BAOXIANFEI



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