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国际空运知识汇总,收藏学习

FABUZHE:和记娱乐网址  LAIYUAN:http://sestocentro.com  FABURIQI:2019-03-18  LIULAN:3381CI

摘要:空运以其迅捷,安全。准时的超高效率赢得了相当大的市场,大大缩短了交货期,对于物流供应链加快资金周转及循环起到了极大的促动作用。各大航空公司相继投入大量航班分取货运这块蛋糕。但空运相对海运成本较高,对于时间要求高,海空运成本比率约为1:10。
 

KONGYUNYIQIXUNJIE,ANQUAN。ZHUNSHIDECHAOGAOXIAOLVYINGDELEXIANGDANGDADESHICHANG,DADASUODUANLEJIAOHUOQI,DUIYUWULIUGONGYINGLIANJIAKUAIZIJINZHOUZHUANJIXUNHUANQIDAOLEJIDADECUDONGZUOYONG。GEDAHANGKONGGONGSIXIANGJITOURUDALIANGHANGBANFENQUHUOYUNZHEIKUAIDANGAO。DANKONGYUNXIANGDUIHAIYUNCHENGBENJIAOGAO,DUIYUSHIJIANYAOQIUGAO,HAIKONGYUNCHENGBENBILVYUEWEI1:10。

 

国际空运知识汇总,收藏学习-和记娱乐网址

 

 

 

空运询价八要素

 

1、PINMING(SHIFOUWEIXIANPIN)

 

2、ZHONGLIANG(SHEJISHOUFEI)、TIJI(CHICUNDAXIAOJISHIFOUPAOHUO)

 

3、BAOZHUANG(SHIFOUMUXIANG,YOUWUTUOPAN)

 

4、MUDEJICHANG(SHIFOUJIBENDIAN)

 

5、YAOQIUSHIJIAN(ZHIFEIHUOZHUANFEI)

 

6、YAOQIUHANGBAN(GEHANGBANFUWUJIJIAGECHAYI)

 

7、TIDANLEIBIE(ZHUDANJIFENDAN)

 

8、SUOXUYUNSHUFUWU(BAOGUANFANGSHI,DAIBANDANZHENG,SHIFOUQINGGUANPAISONGDENG)

 

KONGYUNFENZHONGHUOHEPAOHUO。1CBM=167KG TIJIZHONGYUSHIJIZHONGLIANGBIJIAO,NAGEDAANNAGESHOUFEI,DANGRANKONGYUNPAOHUOZHONGYOUNEIMEYIDIANXIAOMIMI,TONGXINGDOUYINGGAIZHIDAODE,ZAICIBUFANGBIANJIANG。BUMINGBAIDECHANGSHANGKEYIZIJIZHUOMO。

 

空运费结构组成——你知道吗?

 

ZUOKONGYUNDERENHENDUO,NIZHIDAOHANGKONGGONGSIKONGYUNJIAJUTISHIZENMEHESUANCHULAIDEMA?JIANDANJIESHAOYIXIA,XIWANGDUIDAJIAYOUSUOBANGZHU。

 

KONGYUNJIAZUCHENG:

 

1、Airfreight   YUNFEI(HANGKONGGONGSISHOUQU)

 

2、Fuel sur charge RANYOUFUJIAFEI(GENJUJICHANG,MUDEDIANJIAGEBUTONG,XIANGGANGXIANZAIYIBANSHOU4KUAIZUOYOU,YIQIAN3.6,QUNIANZUIGAO   4.8,GAIJIAGEYOUJICHANGDIAOZHENG,YIBANQUYAZHOUSHI2KUAI)

 

3、ANJIANFEI(XIANGGANGSHOU1KUAI/kg GUDINGFEIYONG)

 

4、JICHANGCAOZUOFEI(XIANGGANGWEIHKD283/PIAO,JICHANGFUZEYUNHUOSHANGFEIJIDENG)

 

5、ZHONGDUANFEIYONG:1.72/kg   DANGBAHUOWUJIAOJIZHUANGJIASHIHOU,ZHUANGJIAFUZEDABANDENGSHIQING,ZUIZHONGJIAOYOUJICHANGSHOUQU)

 

6、HANGKONGZHUDANFEI:HKD15/bl   JIUSHICHUTIDANDEFEIYONG——WUQUANPINGZHENG。

 

YISHANGJIESHAODEWEIDADUOJIAHANGKONGGONGSIHESUANFEIYONGDEZUCHENG,ZHUYAOSHIXIANGGANGJICHANG。YINWEIXIANGGANGWEICHAODAZIYOUMAOYIGANG,BINGQIEXIANGGANGJICHANGSHIQUANQIUZUIDAJICHANG,XIANZHISHAO、FANWEIGUANG、HUOJIDUO,XIANYOU78JIAHANGKONGGONGSI。MEITIANYOU100DUOHANGBAN,ZAIBAOZHENGCANGWEIJIFUWUDEQINGKUANGXIA,KEYISHOUXUAN。BUGUOFEIYONGYIBANBIGUONEIGAO2KUAIZUOYOUE!

 

CHANGYONGKONGYUNMINGCI

 

ATA/ATD (Actual Time of Arrival / Actual Time of Departure)

SHIJIDAOGANG/LIGANGSHIJIANDESUOXIE。

 

HANGKONGHUOYUNDAN (AWB) (Air Waybill)

YOUTUOYUNRENHUOYITUOYUNRENMINGYIQIANFADEDANJU,SHITUOYUNRENHECHENGYUNRENZHIJIANHUOWUYUNSHUDEZHENGMING。

 

WURENPEIBANXINGLI(Baggage, Unaccompanied)

FEISUISHENXIEDAIERJINGTUOYUNDEXINGLI,YITUOYUNFANGSHIJIAOYUNDEXINGLI。

 

BAOSHUICANGKU(Bonded Warehouse)

ZAIZHEIZHONGHUOCANGNEI,HUOWUKEYIZAIMEIYOUQIXIANDEQINGKUANGXIACUNFANGERWUXUJIAONAJINKOUGUANSHUI。

 

SANJIANHUOWU (Bulk Cargo)

WEIJINGZHUANGSHANGHUOBANHEZHUANGRUHUOXIANGDESANJIANHUOWU。

 

CAO (Cargo for Freighter Only)

"JINXIANHUOJICHENGYUN"DESUOXIE,BIAOSHIZHINENGYONGHUOJIYUNZAI。

 

DAOFUYUNFEI(Charges Collect)

ZAIHANGKONGHUOYUNDANSHANGLIEMINGXIANGSHOUHUORENSHOUQUDEFEIYONG。

 

YUFUYUNFEI(Charges Prepaid)

ZAIHANGKONGHUOYUNDANSHANGLIEMINGTUOYUNRENYIFUDEFEIYONG。

 

JIFEIZHONGLIANG(Chargeable Weight)

YONGLAIJISUANHANGKONGYUNFEIDEZHONGLIANG。JIFEIZHONGLIANGKEYISHITIJIZHONGLIANG,HUOSHIDANGHUOWUZHUANGYUZAIJUZHONGSHI,YONGZHUANGZAIZONGZHONGLIANGJIANQUZAIJUDEZHONGLIANG。

 

DAOANJIAGECIF (Cost, Insurance and Freightage)

ZHI"CHENGBEN、BAOXIANHEYUNFEI",JIC&FWAIJIAMAIFANGWEIHUOWUGOUMAISUNSHIHESUNHUIDEBAOXIAN。MAIFANGBIXUYUBAOXIANSHANGQIANDINGHETONGBINGZHIFUBAOFEI。

 

SHOUHUOREN (Consignee)

QIMINGZILIEMINGYUHANGKONGHUOYUNDANSHANG,JIESHOUYOUCHENGYUNRENSUOYUNSONGDEHUOWUZHIREN。

 

JIAOYUNHUOWU (Consignment)

YOUCHENGYUNRENZAIMOUYISHIJIANJIDIDIANJIESHOUTUOYUNRENYIJIANHUODUOJIANDEHUOWU,BINGYIDANYIDEHANGKONGHUOYUNDANCHENGYUNZHIMOUYIMUDEDIDE。

 

FAHUOREN (Consignor)

DENGTONGYUTUOYUNREN。

 

JIYUNHUOWU (Consolidated Consignment)

YOULIANGGEHUOLIANGGEYISHANGTUOYUNRENTUOYUNDEHUOWUPINCHENGDEYIPIHUOWU,MEIWEITUOYUNRENDOUYUJIYUNDAILIRENQIANDINGLEKONGYUNHETONG。

 

JIYUNDAILIREN (Consolidator)

JIANGHUOWUJIHECHENGJIYUNHUOWUDERENHUOJIGOU。

 

COSAC (Community Systems for Air Cargo)

"GAOSHI"JISUANJIXITONGDESUOXIE。SHIXIANGGANGKONGYUNHUOZHANYOUXIANGONGSIDEXINXIJIZHONGYANGWULIUGUANLIJISUANJIXITONG

 

HAIGUAN (Customs)

FUZEZHENGSHOUJINCHUKOUGUANSHUI、CHAJINZOUSIHEMAZUIPINJIAOYIJILANYONGDEZHENGFUJIGOU(ZAIXIANGGANGCHENGXIANGGANGHAIGUAN)

 

HAIGUANDAIMA (Customs Code)

YOUXIANGGANGHAIGUAN(C&ED)WEIYIPIHUOWUJIAZHUDEDAIMA,YIBIAOMINGQINGGUANJIEGUOHUOYAOQIUHUOZHANJINGYINGZHE/SHOUHUORENCAIQUHEZHONGQINGGUANXINGDONG。

 

QINGGUAN (Customs Clearance)

ZAIYUANCHANDI、GUOJINGHEZAIMUDEDISHIWEIHUOWUYUNSHUHUOTIQUHUOSUOBIXUWANCHENGDEHAIGUANSHOUXU。

 

WEIXIANHUOWU (Dangerous Goods)

WEIXIANHUOWUSHIZHIZAIKONGYUNSHIKENENGDUIJIANKANG、ANQUANHUOCAICHANZAOCHENGZHONGDAWEIXIEDEWUPINHUOWUZHI。

 

YUNSHUSHENBAOJIAZHI (Declared Value for Carriage)

YOUTUOYUNRENXIANGCHENGYUNRENSHENBAODEHUOWUJIAZHI,MUDESHIYAOJUEDINGYUNFEIHUOSHEDINGCHENGYUNRENDUISUNSHI、SUNHAIHUOYANWUSUOCHENGDANZERENDEXIANZHI。

 

HAIGUANSHENBAOJIAZHI (Declared Value for Customs)

SHIYONGYU,WEIHEDINGGUANSHUIJINEERXIANGHAIGUANSHENBAODEHUOWUJIAZHI。

 

DIANFUKUAN (Disbursements)

YOUCHENGYUNRENXIANGDAILIRENHUOQITACHENGYUNRENZHIFU,RANHOUYOUZUIZHONGCHENGYUNRENXIANGSHOUHUORENSHOUQUDEFEIYONG。ZHEIXIEFEIYONGTONGCHANGSHIWEIZHIFUDAILIRENHUOQITACHENGYUNRENYINYUNSHUHUOWUERFUCHUDEYUNFEIHEZAFEIERSHOUQUDE。

 

EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transportation)

SHI「GUANLI、SHANGYEHEYUNSHUDIANZIZILIAOJIAOHUAN」DESUOXIE。EDIFACTSHIYONGYUDIANZIZILIAOJIAOHUANDEXUNXIJUFADEGUOJIBIAOZHUN。

 

JINYUN (Embargo)

ZHICHENGYUNRENZAIYIDINGQIXIANNEIJUJUEZAIRENHEHANGXIANHUOQIZHONGDEBUFENHANGXIANSHANGHUOJIESHOUZHUANJIDELAIWANGYURENHEDIQUHUODIDIANCHENGYUNRENRENHESHANGPIN、RENHELEIXINGHUODENGJIDEHUOWU。

 

ETA/ETD (Estimated Time of Arrival / Estimated Time of Departure)

YUJIDAOGANG/LIGANGSHIJIANDESUOXIE。

 

CHUKOUXUKEZHENG (Export License)

ZHUNXUCHIZHENGREN(TUOYUNREN)XIANGTEDINGMUDEDICHUKOUZHIDINGSHANGPINDEZHENGFUXUKEWENJIAN。

 

FIATA (Federation Internationale des Associations de Transitaires et Assimilées)

FIATA BEIXUKEREN——BEIXUKEZAIXIANGGANGFACHUFIATAWENJIAN[ZUOWEITUOYUNRENHEYUNSHUDAILIRENSHOUHUOZHENGMING(FCR)DEFIATA TIDAN(FBL)] [FIATA Bill of Lading (FBL) "as Carrier" & Forwarders Certificate of Receipt(FCR)] DECHENGYUAN。SHOUHUOYUNDAILIZERENBAOXIANDEBAOZHANG(ZUIDIZERENXIANE:US$250,000)。

 

LIANJIAGEFOB (Free on Board)

ZAI「CHUANSHANGJIAOHUO」DETIAOJIANXIA,HUOWUYOUMAIFANGZAIMAIMAIHETONGZHIDINGDEZHUANGCHUANGANGZHUANGCHUAN。HUOWUSUNSHIHUOSHOUSUNHAIDEFENGXIANZAIHUOWUJINGGUOCHUANXIAN(JILIKAIMATOUBEIZHIYUCHUANSHANGHOU)SHIBIANZHUANYIJIMAIFANG,ZHUANGXIEFEIYOUMAIFANGZHIFU。

 

JICHANGLIANJIA (FOB Airport)

ZHEISHUYUYUYIBANFOBSHUYULEISI。MAIFANGZAILIJINGJICHANGJIANGHUOWUJIAOYUHANGKONGCHENGYUNRENHOU,SUNSHIFENGXIANBIANYOUMAIFANGZHUANYIDAOMAIFANG。

 

HUOYUNDAILI (Forwarder)

TIGONGFUWU(RUSHOUHUO、ZHUANHUOHUOJIAOHUO)YIBAOZHENGHEXIEZHUHUOWUYUNSHUDEDAILIRENHUOGONGSI。

 

ZONGZHONG (Gross Weight)

ZHUANGYUNHUOWUDEQUANBUZHONGLIANG,BAOKUOHUOXIANGHEBAOZHUANGCAILIAODEZHONGLIANG。

 

HAFFA (Hong Kong Air Freight Forwarding Association)

XIANGGANGHUOYUNYEXIEHUIYOUXIANGONGSI(HAFFA)DESUOXIE,SHICHUANGYU1966NIAN,SHIYIGETUIDONG、BAOZHANGHEFAZHANXIANGGANGHUOWUYUNSHUYEDEFEIYINGLIXINGZUZHI。

 

HUOYUNDAILIKONGYUNTIDAN(JI :HUOYUNFENYUNDAN)(HAWB) (House Air Waybill)

GAIWENJIANBAOKUOPINZHUANGHUOWUZHONGDEDANJIANHUOWU,YOUHUNZHUANGHUOWUJIHERENQIANFA,BINGBAOKUOJICHAIHUODAILIRENDEZHISHI。

 

IATA (International Air Transport Association)

GUOJIHANGKONGYUNSHUXIEHUIDESUOXIE。IATASHIHANGKONGYUNSHUYEDEZUZHI,WEIHANGKONGGONGSI、LVKE、HUOZHU、LVYOUFUWUDAILISHANGHEZHENGFUTIGONGFUWU。XIEHUIZHIZAICUJINHANGKONGYUNSHUANQUANHEBIAOZHUNHUA(XINGLIJIANCHA、JIPIAO、ZHONGLIANGQINGDAN),BINGXIEZHUHEDINGGUOJIKONGYUNSHOUFEI。IATADEZONGBUSHEYURUISHIRINEIWA。

 

JINKOUXUKEZHENG (Import Licence)

ZHUNXUCHIZHENGREN(SHOUHUOREN)JINKOUZHIDINGSHANGPINDEZHENGFUXUKEWENJIAN。

 

BIAOJI(Marks)

HUOWUBAOZHUANGSHANGBIAOMINGYONGYIBIANRENHUOWUHUOBIAOMINGHUOZHUXIANGGUANXINXIDEJIHAO。

 

HANGKONGGONGSIHUOYUNDAN(Master Air Waybill)

ZHEISHIBAOKUOYIPIJIZHUANGHUOWUDEHANGKONGHUOYUNDAN,SHANGMIANLIEMINGHUOWUJIHERENWEIFAHUOREN。

 

ZHONGXINGHANGKONGYUNDAN(Neutral Air Waybill)

YIFENMEIYOUZHIDINGCHENGYUNRENDEBIAOZHUNHANGKONGHUOYUNDAN。

 

XIANHUOHUOWU (Perishable Cargo)

ZAITEDINGQIXIANNEIHUOZAIBULIDEWENDU、SHIDUHUOQITAHUANJINGTIAOJIANXIA,YIFUDEHUOWU。

 

YUZHUANGHUOWU (Prepacked Cargo)

ZAITIJIAOHUOZHANJINGYINGZHEZHIQIANYIYOUTUOYUNRENBAOZHUANGZAIZAIJUZHONGDEHUOWU。

 

SHOUHUOHEDUIQINGDAN(Reception Checklist List)

HUOYUNZHANJINGYINGZHEJIESHOUTUOYUNRENHUOWUSHIQIANFADEWENJIAN。

 

SHOUGUANZHITUOYUNSHANGZHIDU(Regulated Agent Regime)

SHIZHENGFUDUISUOYOUKONGYUNDAILIJINXINGANQUANJIANCHADEZHIDU。

 

TIHUODAN (Shipment Release Form)

CHENGYUNRENXIANGSHOUHUORENQIANFADEWENJIAN,YONGYUCONGHUOYUNZHANJINGYINGZHECHUTIQUHUOWU。

 

TUOYUNREN (Shipper)

HUOWUYUNSHUHETONGZHONGZHIDINGDEXIANGSHOUHUORENFAHUODERENHUOGONGSI。

 

HUODONGWU/WEIXIANPIN TUOYUNRENZHENGMINGSHU (Shipper's Certificate for live animals/ dangerous goods)

TUOYUNRENSUOZUODESHENGMING-SHENGMINGQIHUOWUYIGENJUIATAZUIXINBANBENDEGUIZEHESUOYOUCHENGYUNRENGUIZEHEZHENGFUFALIDEGUIDING,JIANGHUOWUTUOSHANBAOZHUANG、ZHUNQUEMIAOSHU,SHIQISHIHEYUKONGYUN。

 

TUOYUNRENTUOYUNSHENGMINGSHU(JIANCHENG:TUOYUNSHU)(Shipper's Letter of Instruction)

BAOKUOTUOYUNRENHUOTUOYUNRENDEDAILIRENGUANYUZHUNBEIWENJIANHEFUYUNHUOWUDEZHISHIDEWENJIAN。

 

STA/STD (Schedule Time of Arrival / Schedule Time of Departure)

YUJIDAOGANG/LIGANGSHIJIANDESUOXIE

 

TACT (The Air Cargo Tariff)

YOUGUOJIHANGKONGCHUBANSHE(IAP)YUGUOJIHANGKONGYUNSHUXIEHUI(IATA)HEZUOCHUBANDE"KONGYUNHUOWUYUNJIABIAO"DESUOXIE。

 

YUNFEIBIAO (Tariff)

CHENGYUNRENYUNSHUHUOWUDESHOUFEIJIAGE、SHOUFEIHE/HUOYOUGUANTIAOJIAN。YUNFEIBIAOYINGUOJIA、HUOWUZHONGLIANGHE/HUOCHENGYUNRENDEBUTONGERYOUSUOCHAYI。

 

ZAIJU (Unit Load Device)

YONGYUYUNSHUHUOWUDERENHELEIXINGDEJIZHUANGXIANGHUOJIZHUANGBAN。

 

GUIZHONGHUOWU (Valuable Cargo)

HUOWUSHENBAOJIAZHIMAOZHONGPINGJUNMEIQIANKEDENGYUHUOCHAOGUO1,000 MEIYUANDEHUOWU,LIRUHUANGJINHEZUANSHIDENG。

 

SHENGMINGJIAZHIFUJIAFEI (Valuation Charge)

YITUOYUNSHISHENBAODEHUOWUJIAZHIWEIJICHUDEHUOWUYUNSHUSHOUFEI。

 

YISHOUSUNHUAIHUOYIZAODAOQIEDEHUOWU (Vulnerable Cargo)

MEIYOUSHENMINGJIAZHIDANMINGXIANXUYAOXIAOXINCHULIDEHUOWU,HUOTEBIERONGYIZAOSHOUDAOQIEDEHUOWU。


 

 

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